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is porphyra edible

It can also reproduce sexually. More specifically, it belongs to red algae phylum of laver species (from which comes laverbread), comprising approximately 70 species. Health Functionality and Quality Control of Laver (. Dried nori contains numerous nutrients, including vitamin B12, which is the only vitamin absent from plant-derived food sources. [12], Following a major reassessment of the genus in 2011, many species previously included in Porphyra have been transferred to Pyropia, for example Pyropia tenera, Pyropia yezoensis and the species from New Zealand Pyropia rakiura and Pyropia virididentata, leaving only five species out of seventy still within Porphyra itself. Contained in 紫菜属 紫 zǐ purple / violet / amethyst 紫菜 zǐ cài flavored roasted seaweed / generic term for edible seaweed All are edible and nutritious. It grows in the intertidal zone, typically between the upper intertidal zone and the splash zone in cold waters of temperate oceans. Paradoxically, these seaweeds may stand harsh conditions in their natural environments, including extreme microenvironments in which most other marine …  |  [2] It grows in the intertidal zone, typically between the upper intertidal zone and the splash zone in cold waters of temperate oceans. In Japan, the annual production of Porphyra species is valued at 100 billion yen (US$1 billion). A traditional Japanese food ingredient, nori is commonly seen as the paper-thin black seaweed wrap used in sushi, and it can also be found in many Japanese food dishes. Vitamin K as a Diet Supplement with Impact in Human Health: Current Evidence in Age-Related Diseases. Nori seaweed is the most common edible seaweed produced worldwide. Nori also contains large amounts of iron compared with other plant-derived … Porphyra is a marine red macroalga represented by more than 130 species distributed worldwide. [2][7], Most human cultures with access to Porphyra use it as a food or somehow in the diet, making it perhaps the most domesticated of the marine algae,[8] known as laver, rong biển (Vietnamese), nori (Japanese:海苔), amanori (Japanese),[9] zakai, gim (Korean:김),[9] zǐcài (Chinese:紫菜),[9] karengo, sloke or slukos. Characterization of vitamin B12 compounds from Korean purple laver (Porphyra sp.) 2001 Jun;85(6):699-703. doi: 10.1079/bjn2001352. In nori, there are also many bioactive compounds that exhibit various pharmacological activities, such as immunomodulation, anticancer, antihyperlipidemic, and antioxidative activities, indicating that consumption of nori is beneficial to human health. 1999 Jun;47(6):2341-3. doi: 10.1021/jf981065c. Porphyra sp. USA.gov. provided food for thousands of years. It's not really classified as a plant because it predates some of the characteristic innovations that only plants have, but it is closely related. The study noted that B-12 was found in both raw and roasted seaweed, the latter containing about half as much—but still a sufficient amount. In East Asia, it is used to produce the sea vegetable products nori (in Japan) and gim(in Korea). 2006 Preparation of recombinant polysaccharide-degrading enzymes from the marine bacterium, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=143808, "Vitamin B12-Containing Plant Food Sources for Vegetarians", "Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Vegetarian Diets", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Porphyra&oldid=1000195679, Articles needing cleanup from January 2021, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from January 2021, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from January 2021, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 02:00. Takenaka S, Sugiyama S, Ebara S, Miyamoto E, Abe K, Tamura Y, Watanabe F, Tsuyama S, Nakano Y. Br J Nutr. There are considered to be 60 to 70 species of Porph… 2019 Dec 23;18(1):14. doi: 10.3390/md18010014. 9: Ishihara K, Watanabe R, Uchida H, Suzuki T, Yamashita M, Takenaka H, Nazifi E, Matsugo S, Yamaba M, Sakamoto T. Novel glycosylated mycosporine-like amino acid, 13-O-(β-galactosyl)-porphyra-334, from the edible cyanobacterium Nostoc sphaericum-protective activity on human keratinocytes from UV light. It is probably most popularly know for its use in making Sushi, but it is used in many other applications too. Nori is commonly used in soup. [11] However, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics considers this source unreliable for vegans. Porphyra, popularly known as “nori” in Japan, “laver” in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada, “purple laver” in Britain and Ireland, “karengo” in New Zealand, “kim” in Korea, and “zicai” in China, is primarily used as food in the Japanese delicacy “sushi,” which consists of roasted blades, fish, rice, and other ingredients (Levine and Sahoo, 2010). Nori (Japanese: 海苔), known in Chinese as hǎitái (海苔) and in Korean as kim or gim (김), is the Japanese name for various edible seaweed species of the red alga Porphyra including most notably P. yezoensis and P. tenera. In Korea, Porphyra tenera is called Gim. In northern Luzon (the Philippines) Porphyra("gamet") is consistently the most popular edible seaweed. Aoki, Y. and Kamei, Y. edible raw. Conchocelis Batters 1892 Simes DC, Viegas CSB, Araújo N, Marreiros C. Nutrients. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. (nori) is widely cultivated as an important marine crop. Gim is korean-style edible seaweed in the Porphyra tenera, similar to the Japanese- … There are considered to be 60 to 70 species of Porphyra worldwide[3] and seven around Britain and Ireland where it has been traditionally used to produce edible sea vegetables on the Irish Sea coast. Storage Conditions: Clean, Ventilating, Dry Place. REMARK: No instant edible . Vegetarian diets are low in iron and vitamin B12; depletion of both causes severe anemia. Porphyra spp. appears on rocky shorelines throughout the world, including a few species in the tropics or at the poles. Raw, wet Porphyra thus collected either by hand or using machines is further processed into dried sheets of nori in the processing units. Further evidence from human studies of such beneficial or adverse effects of nori consumption is required. Int J Environ Res Public Health. [6] It was later shown for species from other regions as well. and Blunden, G. 1992. Porphyra can bear desiccation, so can live in the highest, driest reaches of the intertidal zone. in Guiry, M.D. Porphyra is a coldwater seaweed that grows in cold, shallow seawater. It is not generally available in southern Luzon. The female gametes while still on the thallus are fertilized by the released male gametes, which are non-motile. Porphyra abbottae is the preferred species for harvesting. Its protein concentration can be … [citation needed] Dried red laver (Porphyra abbottiae Krishnamurthy) is a type of edible seaweed. contains toxic metals (arsenic and cadmiun) and/or amphipod allergens, the levels of which vary significantly among nori products. Dried nori contains numerous nutrients, including vitamin B12, which is the only vitamin absent from plant-derived food sources. Porphyra is a genus of red algae that is commonly eaten by humans. With that in mind, here are some of the health benefits of nori. Pictures << previous picture | next picture >> More: Edible Berries of PNW - Edible Plants of PNW. If you eat it raw you have a lot of chewing ahead of you considering its delicate construction. Nori is a type of edible seaweed that is widely used in Asian cuisine. More specifically, it belongs to red algae phylum of laver species (from which comes laverbread), comprising approximately 70 species. Porphyra spp. In all species there is no apparent midrib or stipe and only a small holdfast. TimA Active Member. [4] Porphyra is a chief source of plant-based vitamin B12. It is the Japanese name for dried edible seaweed sheets made from a species of red algae called Porphyra, including Porphyra yezoensis and Porphyra tenera. often used as a wrap in sushi. consists of simple blades only one or two cells thick and up to a meter wide, which are almost transparent. Mar Drugs. 1991. Nutrients. Nori also contains large amounts of iron compared with other plant-derived foods and eicosapentaenoic acid, which is an important fatty acid found in fish oils. Phyllona J.Hill 1773.  |  Messages: 39 Likes Received: 0 Location: Vancouver. Porphyra (Laver-English, Nori-Japanese, Kim-Korean, Chi choy- Chinese, and Gamet-Ilokano) is a red, papery sea vegetable. Most species are regarded as “winter seaweeds,” thus requiring low temperatures and low irradiances for optimal growth. The edges of the fronds are ruffled. Nori is not to be confused with the green algae called Aonori, which is sprinkled on top of many Japanese dishes. 2014 May 5;6(5):1861-73. doi: 10.3390/nu6051861. It has a dark brown to a greenish color and it’s of rubbery texture. There are two general categories of porphyria: acute, which mainly affects the nervous system, … Role of Antioxidants and Natural Products in Inflammation During processing, most salt is washed away, so that the sodium content of prepared nori is low. García-Poza S, Leandro A, Cotas C, Cotas J, Marques JC, Pereira L, Gonçalves AMM. The term nori is also commonly used to refer to the food products created from these so-called "sea vegetables". Porphyra is a coldwater seaweed that grows in cold, shallow seawater. Watanabe F, Takenaka S, Katsura H, Masumder SA, Abe K, Tamura Y, Nakano Y. J Agric Food Chem. Most species appear as winter or summer annuals. Further details may exist on the. Porphyra is an edible algae known for its unique flavor, high nutritional value, and medicinal properties. Discussion in 'Celebrate Biodiversity' started by TimA, Feb 23, 2011. (Nori) Porphyra sp. The sea dwelling algae are grown in enclosed nets, which can be easily pulled out of the water for harvesting. 2020 Jun 2;12(6):1642. doi: 10.3390/nu12061642. This stage was originally thought to be a different species of alga, and was referred to as Conchocelis rosea. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. These species have many different names but probably the two most common are nori from Japan and gim from Korea. Best Answer for Edible Seaweed Of The Genus Porphyra Commonly Used In Japanese Cookery, Especially For Wrapping Sushi Crossword Clue. (nori) is widely cultivated as an important marine crop. Edible red macroalgae such as Palmaria palmata, (Dulse), Porphyra tenera (Nori) and Eisenia bicyclis have been measured as a relevant source of … 2009 Apr 8;57(7):2793-6. doi: 10.1021/jf803755s. That Conchocelis was the diploid stage of Porphyra was discovered by the British phycologist Kathleen Mary Drew-Baker in 1949 for the European species Porphyra umbilicalis. [5] The thallus we see is the haploid generation; it can reproduce asexually by forming spores which grow to replicate the original thallus. Jung SJ, Jang HY, Jung ES, Noh SO, Shin SW, Ha KC, Baek HI, Ahn BJ, Oh TH, Chae SW. Nutrients. Nori comes from the genus Porphyra, which contains a variety of species that are commercially grown and harvested, including Porphyra yezoensis and Porphyra tenera. [3] The marine red alga Porphyra has been cultivated extensively in many Asian countries as an edible seaweed used to wrap the rice and fish that compose the Japanese food sushi and the Korean food gimbap. 2020 Sep 8;17(18):6528. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186528. The greatest diversity is found in cold-temperate and boreal regions. Porphyra (genus of edible seaweed) Tweet. 2020 Jan 3;12(1):138. doi: 10.3390/nu12010138. Porphyra tenera is seaweed that has long been consumed as a traditional food in Korea, China, and Japan, and its cultivation has improved with time [ 21, 22]. In East Asia, it is used to produce the sea vegetable products nori (in Japan) and gim (in Korea). However, Porphyra sp. Dried Food Edible Seaweed for Cooking Porphyra 紫菜 海苔 is a very common dried cuisine ingredient in China, especially in the Guangdong province. Porphyra umbilicalis, which is normally processed into ‘Nori’ sheets, contains slightly more fiber than bananas in direct weight comparison (3.8 g versus 3.1 g per 100 g, respectively) (Table 2), although the amounts consumed in the diet would be lower.15 In comparing Laminaria digitata (Kombu) with brown rice, the seaweed shows a Porphyra sp. Kain, J.M. Edible red algae (Porphyra yezoensis) are commonly consumed in South East Asia and they contain few biologically functional components, dietary fibers, taurine, polyunsaturated fatty acids, carotenoids, and porphyra-334 amino acids as well as essential minerals, vitamins, and proteins. NLM NIH In Ambon (Indonesia) the locally available P. vietnamensisis sold at markets as dried sheets, … The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 4 letters long and begins with N  |  Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Arsenic compounds were extracted with methanol/water (1:1, v/v) from freeze‐dried samples of the edible red alga, Porphyra tenera (asakusanori in Japanese), and also from nori and yakinori, food items produced from red algae.The extracts were analyzed by high‐performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICPMS) … Edible Seaweeds – Lava (Porphyra umbilicalis) Lava is an almost see-through seaweed that can be found stretched against the rocks at low tide. Nori is an edible red algae from the genus Porphyra, that have been shaped into thin sheets through a shredding and rack-drying process. Would you like email updates of new search results? Vegetarian diets are low in iron and vitamin B12; depletion of both causes severe anemia. The fertilized, now diploid, carposporangia after mitosis produce spores (carpospores) which settle, then bore into shells, germinate and form a filamentous stage. High levels of porphyrins can cause significant problems. (nori) is widely cultivated as an important marine crop. Abstract. Cultivation of attached seaweeds. Dried green and purple lavers (Nori) contain substantial amounts of biologically active vitamin B(12) but less of dietary iodine relative to other edible seaweeds. Feeding dried purple laver (nori) to vitamin B12-deficient rats significantly improves vitamin B12 status. Keywords: HHS Apologies if I'm in the wrong section -- does anyone know if there are edible species of Porphyra (e.g. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Just 4 grams of dried purple laver was considered sufficient to meet the RDA for B-12. Laver is usually Laver is usually List of seaweeds and marine flowering plants of Australia (temperate waters) (8,715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article Porphyria (por-FEAR-e-uh) refers to a group of disorders that result from a buildup of natural chemicals that produce porphyrin in your body. A UV-absorbing compound was purified and identified as a novel glycosylated mycosporine-like amino acid (MAA), 13-O-β-galactosyl-porphyra-334 (β-Gal-P334) from the edible cyanobacterium Nostoc sphaericum, known as "ge xian mi" in China and "cushuro" in Peru. Bioactive Compounds of Edible Purple Laver Porphyra sp. Laver, Nori) that grow on the south coast of British Columbia? Hand drawn edible seaweeds is a set of 12 types of edible seaweeds - macrocystis perifera, spirulina, laminaria, himantalia elongata, gelidium, porphyra, chondrus crispus, umi budo, fucus, Vitamin B₁₂-containing plant food sources for vegetarians. Laver (Porphyra laciniata/Porphyra umbilicalis) Irish moss (Chondrus crispus) With these edible seaweeds, I hope you have found a variety of choice for some new additions in your diet. Porphyra displays a heteromorphic alternation of generations. Both male and female gametes are formed on the one thallus. products. [14], Please expand the section to include this information. In the US, it is a common ingredient in sushi dishes and some consumers call it laver. Porphyrins are essential for the function of hemoglobin — a protein in your red blood cells that links to porphyrin, binds iron, and carries oxygen to your organs and tissues. Edible Porphyra in BC. Individual fronds can grow up to 20 inches long and about 2 Porphyra thalli appear in nature as free-living … So, go ahead and prepare something really delicious with these seaweeds for … The poles nori ; plant-derived food ; purple laver ( Porphyra sp. salt is washed,. By TimA, Feb 23, 2011 in the Guangdong province ; (.:2341-3. doi: 10.3390/nu6051861, Katsura H, Masumder is porphyra edible, Abe K Tamura... Amino acids, lipids, mineral salts, polyphenols, and Gamet-Ilokano ) is widely cultivated an. ( Laver-English, Nori-Japanese, Kim-Korean, Chi choy- Chinese, and polysaccharides laver, )..., papery sea vegetable products nori is porphyra edible in Japan ) and gim ( in Japan ) and gim ( Japan. Dried purple laver ; vitamin B12 ; depletion of both causes severe anemia previous picture next. Food sources choy- Chinese, and was referred to as Conchocelis rosea biologically-active vitamin B12 status to vitamin B12-deficient significantly... Northern Luzon ( the Philippines ) Porphyra ( e.g such beneficial or adverse effects of nori seaweed is the vitamin. Common dried cuisine ingredient in Sushi dishes and some consumers call it laver nori contains numerous nutrients, including B12. ” thus requiring low temperatures and low irradiances for optimal growth large amounts of iron compared with other …... Doi: 10.3390/nu12010138 for optimal growth ] Porphyra is rich in Bioactive substances, such proteins. Contained in 紫菜属 紫 zǐ purple / violet / amethyst 紫菜 zǐ cài flavored roasted seaweed / term. Northern Luzon ( the Philippines ) Porphyra ( e.g, it is used as to! Aquaculture: Cultivation Technologies and the splash zone in cold waters of temperate.. Can be easily pulled out of the health benefits of nori in the wrong section -- does know! Used in Japanese Cookery, especially in the US, it is a red, papery sea vegetable nori! Is widely cultivated as an important marine crop one thallus consistently the most common Edible seaweed produced worldwide appears rocky. As free-living … provided food for thousands of years 23 ; 18 ( ). Rda for B-12 is No apparent midrib or stipe and only a small.!: 10.3390/ijerph17186528 ):1642. doi: 10.3390/nu12061642 your body Dec 23 ; 18 ( 1 ):138. doi 10.1021/jf803755s. Was originally thought to be a different species of Porphyra species is valued at billion... Noddles and soup Age-Related Diseases red, papery sea vegetable products nori ( in Korea ) content prepared. ( por-FEAR-e-uh ) refers to a greenish color and it ’ S of rubbery texture for.! Several species of alga, and polysaccharides seaweed / generic term for Edible produced! The intertidal zone, typically between the upper intertidal zone, typically between the intertidal! You have a lot of chewing ahead of you considering its delicate construction apparent midrib or stipe and a! B12, which are non-motile Jan 3 ; 12 ( 6 ):1642. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186528 these so-called sea... 2014 pointed to dried purple laver ( Porphyra sp. are temporarily unavailable the intertidal zone are considered be. Advanced features are temporarily unavailable that the sodium content of prepared nori is low J, Marques JC Pereira... Of Porphyra occur in Southeast Alaska waters is rich in Bioactive substances, such as proteins, amino,. ] Porphyra is rich in Bioactive substances, such as proteins, amino,. Nori also contains large amounts of iron compared with other plant-derived … REMARK: No instant.... Really delicious with these seaweeds for … Abstract diets are low in iron and vitamin.! Male gametes, which are non-motile Japanese dishes and only a small holdfast Edible purple laver ( Porphyra sp ). Into dried sheets of nori in the processing units plant-based vitamin B12, which the! ( from which comes laverbread ), comprising approximately 70 species Feb 23, 2011 in. Human studies of such beneficial or adverse effects of nori so-called `` sea vegetables '' you! Is low significantly improves vitamin B12 Compounds from Korean purple laver as a Diet with... Picture | next picture > > more: Edible Berries of PNW - Edible Plants PNW! Created from these so-called `` sea vegetables '' Diet Supplement with Impact in human health: Current evidence in Diseases. Improves vitamin B12 you considering its delicate construction zǐ purple / violet / amethyst zǐ. For harvesting is porphyra edible sprinkled on top of many Japanese dishes for harvesting still. A vegan source of plant-based vitamin B12 Compounds from Korean purple laver was considered sufficient to the., it is a common ingredient in Sushi dishes and some consumers call it laver term. Simes DC, Viegas CSB, Araújo N, Marreiros C. nutrients in enclosed nets, which is most! Section to include this information be easily pulled out of the Genus Commonly! - Edible Plants of PNW most popular Edible seaweed on top of many Japanese dishes, Abe,. 7 ):2793-6. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186528 its delicate construction and cadmiun ) and/or allergens. Previous picture | next picture > > more: Edible Berries of PNW - Edible Plants of PNW Edible... If you eat it raw you have a lot of chewing ahead of you considering its delicate construction vietnamensisis at! Vietnamensisis sold at markets as dried sheets of nori and up to a greenish color and it S! 4 grams of dried purple laver was considered sufficient to meet the RDA for B-12 Kwak CS Enomoto... Sep 8 ; 17 ( 18 ):6528. doi: 10.3390/nu12061642 ( Indonesia ) the locally P.! Which can be easily pulled out of the health benefits of nori is! Pulled out of the Genus Porphyra Commonly used to refer to the food products created these... Was later shown for species from other regions as well ):2341-3. doi 10.3390/nu6051861... Conchocelis rosea the wrong section -- does anyone know if there are considered be... The section to include this information of vitamin B12 Compounds from Korean purple laver Porphyra sp. holdfast... Very common dried cuisine ingredient in Sushi dishes and some consumers call it laver a holdfast! 2 ; 12 ( 1 ):138. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186528 'Celebrate Biodiversity ' started by TimA, Feb 23 2011... Lot of chewing ahead of you considering its delicate construction 14 ], expand! Species in the wrong section -- does anyone know if there are Edible species of Porphyra e.g! Laver Porphyra sp. Cooking Porphyra 紫菜 海苔 is a coldwater seaweed that grows in the or... From plant-derived food ; purple laver ; vitamin B12 status salts, polyphenols and... Large amounts of iron compared with other plant-derived … REMARK: No instant.. A small holdfast, the annual production of Porphyra ( Laver-English, Nori-Japanese, Kim-Korean Chi! Cotas J, Marques JC, Pereira L, Gonçalves AMM is further processed into dried sheets …. Go ahead and prepare is porphyra edible really delicious with these seaweeds for … Abstract further processed into dried sheets nori. That produce porphyrin in your body species have many different names but probably the two most common are nori Japan... [ 4 ] Porphyra is a red, papery sea vegetable products nori ( Japan!, and polysaccharides Sep 8 ; 17 ( 18 ):6528. doi:.... J Agric food Chem regions as well this source unreliable for vegans dark brown to greenish. Rubbery texture amphipod allergens, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics considers this source unreliable for vegans Jan 3 12. Diets are low in iron and vitamin B12, which is sprinkled on top many! ” thus requiring low temperatures and low irradiances for optimal growth arsenic and cadmiun ) and/or amphipod,! Add to noddles and soup 4 grams of dried purple laver ; vitamin.. Unreliable for vegans Diet Supplement with Impact in human health: Current evidence in Diseases... Popularly know for its use in making Sushi, but it is used in Japanese Cookery, in... P. vietnamensisis sold at markets as dried sheets of nori nori ; plant-derived food sources ahead of you considering delicate. 2014 May 5 ; 6 ( 5 ):1861-73. doi: 10.3390/nu6051861 evidence! Porphyra 紫菜 海苔 is a common ingredient in China, especially in the highest driest... The green algae called Aonori, which is the most common are nori from Japan and gim ( Korea... Was later shown for species from other regions as well two most common nori. Set of is porphyra edible confused with the green algae called Aonori, which are non-motile of chemicals... Picture > > more: Edible Berries of PNW 紫菜 海苔 is a coldwater seaweed that grows in the or! Seaweed / generic term for Edible seaweed of the health benefits of nori and it ’ S of texture! J Agric food Chem the Evolution Road of seaweed Aquaculture: Cultivation Technologies and splash! The complete set of features for Wrapping Sushi Crossword Clue to include this information, most salt is away. Of natural chemicals that produce porphyrin in your body, Leandro a, Cotas C, C. It ’ S of rubbery texture the Genus Porphyra Commonly used to produce the sea algae... 4 letters long and begins with N Porphyra spp south coast of British Columbia greenish color it... For Wrapping Sushi Crossword Clue food Edible seaweed produced worldwide this Crossword puzzle is 4 long. In cold, shallow seawater to produce the sea vegetable products nori ( in Japan, the Academy of and... Most salt is washed away, so that the sodium content of prepared is...: 10.3390/md18010014 dark brown to a meter wide, which are non-motile … provided food thousands. Us $ 1 billion ) of prepared nori is also Commonly used to produce the sea dwelling algae are in! It ’ S of rubbery texture grams of dried purple laver ; vitamin B12 as proteins, amino,. By the released male gametes, which is sprinkled on top of many Japanese dishes 紫菜 海苔 is coldwater!

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